Amiot 354 Airplane Videos and Aircraft Pictures

Amiot 354 Video - Picture

Airplane Picture - Amiot 351 1/72 scale model by Johan De Wolf

Amiot 354 Warbird Information

Amiot 354

Airplane Picture - Amiot 351 1/72 scale model by Johan De Wolf

Aircraft Picture - Amiot 351 1/72 scale model by Johan De Wolf

Role: Bomber
Manufacturer: Avions Amiot
Introduction: 1940
Primary user: Arme de l'Air
Number built: ca. 86

The Amiot 354 was the latest in a series of fast, twin-engine bombers which fought with the Arme de l'Air in limited numbers during the Battle of France.

Development

The Amiot 350 series originated in the same 1934 requirement as a rival to the Lior et Olivier LeO 451. Derived from the Amiot 341 mail plane, the Amiot 340 prototype was involved in a propaganda misinformation flight to Berlin in August of 1938 to convince the Germans that the French employed modern bombers. Though 130 machines were ordered by the French government that year, production delays and ordered modifications ensured that September 1939 saw no delivered aircraft. Eventually, the ordered number of this very modern aircraft reached 830, though ultimately only 80 machines were received by the Air Ministry. The main variant was the twin-tailed 351; however, due to various delays, the single-tailed 354 was accepted into service as an interim type.

The Amiot 351 was planned to mount one 7.5 mm (.295 in) MAC 1934 machine gun in nose and ventral positions and one 20 mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannon in the dorsal position. Due to technical problems with the armament installation, many aircraft went to operational units with only a light machine gun in the dorsal position.

Operational history

In May 1940, the Amiot 351/354 was in the process of equipping just two bomber groupes: GB 1/21 and GB II/21 based at Avignon. Though 200 were in the final stages of construction, only 35 were ready for flight. This situation was exacerbated by the Amiot 351/354 being built in three factories, two of which were later bombed by the Germans. On 16 May 1940, the Amiot 351/354's carried out armed reconnaissance sorties over Maastricht in the Netherlands - the first operation conducted by planes of this type.

By June, the Amiot 351/354 was also delivered for GB I/34 and GB II/34, neither flying them in combat. At that time, all Amiot 351/354s were based on the northern front. Three had been lost in combat, 10 in training accidents. All aircraft were ordered to evacuate to Africa on 17 June, 37 surviving the trip. As their numbers were too few to engage the Italians, they planes were sent back to Metropolitan France and their groupes disbanded in August 1940.

Five Amiot 351/354s continued to be used as a mail plane after the Battle of France. Four Amiot 351/354 were commandeered by the Luftwaffe as transports, two found service in the 1./KG200 special service geschwader.

Engines taken from these aircraft were later used on Messerschmitt Me 323 cargo transports.

The Amiot 351/354 saw service with the Arme de l'Air (80?)

Variants

Amiot 340.01
Two 686 kW (920 hp) Gnome-Rhxne 14P, single tail prototype (1 built)

Amiot 350
351 re-engined with two 686 kW (920 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Y-28 / Hispano-Suiza 12Y-29 engines (1 built)

Amiot 351.01
Amiot 351 prototype.

Amiot 351
Two 707 kW (950 hp) Gnome-Rhxne 14N-48 38/39, twin tail (17)(This number may be low)

Amiot 352
351 re-engined with two 820 kW (1,100 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Y-50 / Hispano-Suiza 12Y-51 engines (1 built)

Amiot 353
351 re-engined with two 768 kW (1,030 hp) Rolls-Royce Merlin III engines (1 built)

Amiot 354
single-tail variant, two 798 kW (1,070 hp)Gnome-Rhxne 14N-48 / Gnome-Rhxne 14N-49 (45) (This number is probably low)

Amiot 355.01
351 re-engined with two 895 kW (1,200 hp) Gnome-Rhxne 14R-2 / Gnome-et-Rhone 14R-3 engines (1 built)

Amiot 356.01
354 re-engined with two 842 kW (1,130 hp) Rolls-Royce Merlin X engines (1 built)

Amiot 357
high-altitude prototype with pressurized cabin, two 895 kW (1,200 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Z-89 turbocharged engines (1 built)

Amiot 358
351 re-engined post-war with two 895 kW (1,200 hp) Pratt & Whitney R-1830 engines (1 built)

Amiot 370
single-tail racer with two 642 kW (860 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Yjrs / Hispano-Suiza 12Yjrs engines, developed specifically for (later cancelled) Paris-New York race (1 built)

Operators

France

Armee de l'Air

Germany

Luftwaffe

Specifications (Amiot 354 B4)

Data from War Planes of the Second World War: Volume Seven Bombers and Reconnaissance Aircraft

General characteristics

Crew: Four (pilot, co-pilot, navigator, bombardier)
Length: 14.50 m (37 ft 6 in)
Wingspan: 22.83 m (74 ft 10 in)
Height: 4.08 m (13 ft 4 in)
Wing area: 67.0 m (721 ft)
Empty weight: 4,735 kg (10,417 lb)
Loaded weight: 11,324 kg (24,912 lb)
Powerplant: 2 x Gnome-Rhxne 14N48/49 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 791 kW (1,060 hp) (take off power) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 480 km/h (259 knots, 298 mph) at 4,000 m (13,100 ft)
Cruise speed: 349 km/h (189 knots , 217 mph) (long range cruise)
Range: 3,502 km (1,891 nmi, 2,175 mi)
Service ceiling: 10,000 m (32,800 ft)
Climb to 4,000 m (13,100 ft): 8.7 min

Armament

Guns: 3 x 7.5 mm (.295 in) MAC 1934 machine guns or 2 x 7.5 mm (.295 in) MAC 1934 machine guns and 1 x 20 mm cannon
Bombs: 1,200 kg (2,650 lb)

Comparable aircraft

Douglas DB-7
Martin Maryland
Lior et Olivier LeO 45
SNCAC NC.150

Bibliography

Breffort, Dominique & Jouineau, Andr. French Aircraft from 1939 to 1942
Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War: Volume Seven Bombers and Reconnaissance Aircraft. London:Macdonald, 1967.
Weal, Elke C., Weal, John A., Barker, Richard F. Combat Aircraft of World War Two
Various issues of Avions magazine

Amiot 354 Pictures

More airplane video.

Source: WikiPedia

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