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Avro Type D Aircraft Information

Avro Type D

Type D

Manufacturer: Avro
Designed by: Alliott Verdon Roe
First flight: 1 April 1911
Number built: 7

The Avro Type D was an early British aircraft from A.V.Roe and Company.

Design

The Type D was a two-bay biplane of conventional configuration, with equal-span, unstaggered wings. The fuselage was triangular in cross-section, and lateral control was provided by wing warping. The first of seven aircraft flew at Brooklands on 1 April 1911.

Operational history

The Type Ds were used in a variety of roles by the Avro, mostly concerned with exploring the limits of what an aeroplane could do. In its first few weeks of existence, the prototype was used to make a number of attempts on aerial endurance records, as well as demonstrations for the Parliamentary Aerial Defence Committee.

One Type D was purchased by the Royal Navy and fitted with floats for trials from HMS Hermione. This aircraft became the first British seaplane when it took off on 18 November 1911. Type Ds were also used for air racing, the prototype participating in one such event very early in its career. Another example was specially built and modified to compete in the Daily Mail Circuit of Britain Race, but crashed before the event. Other Type Ds remained in service until 1914.

Specifications

Data from

General characteristics

Crew: one pilot
Capacity: 1 passenger
Length: 28 ft 0 in (8.53 m)
Wingspan: 31 ft 0 in (9.45 m)
Height: 9 ft 2 in (2.79 m)
Wing area: 310 ft (28.8 m)
Gross weight: 500 lb (227 kg)
Powerplant: 1 x 4-cylinder Green C.4 inline piston, 35 hp (26 kW) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 49 mph (78 km/h)

Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 91.
World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 889 Sheet 92.
britishaircraft.co.uk

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Source: WikiPedia

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