Blackburn Second Monoplane Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

Blackburn Second Monoplane Videos - None - More airplanes

Blackburn Second Monoplane Aircraft Information

Blackburn Second Monoplane

Second Monoplane

National origin: United Kingdom
Manufacturer: Robert Blackburn
Designed by: Robert Blackburn
First flight: 8 March 1911
Number built: 1

The Blackburn Second Monoplane was strongly influenced by the French Antoinette and was much more successful than Robert Blackburn's first aircraft. The lone aircraft was built in Leeds, U.K. in 1910.


The First Monoplane was not a success, barely leaving the ground before crashing. His second machine, the Second Monoplane was very differently set out and was evidently very influenced by Léon Levavasseur's Antoinette design which Blackburn had seen in France.

The monoplane wing was very rectangular with constant chord, significant dihedral and square tips, having a thin aerofoil concave on the underside as was common in those early days. Lateral control was by wing warping. The wing was wire braced via a king post passing vertically through the fuselage and extending both above and below. The fuselage, like the wings was a wooden structure covered with fabric, triangular in section and tapering rearwards. The tail was characteristically Antionette with long finely tapering fin and tailplane, the two triangular rudders above and below the elevator, giving it clearance.

The pilot's seat was at the trailing edge of the wing and contained Blackburn's "triple steering column" which was moved up and down for elevator control, from side to side to warp the wings and rotated to move the rudders. This system had been used on the First Monoplane. The undercarriage main axle was carried at the bottom end of the kingpost with wheels at either end and bearing ash fore and aft skids. During development and taxying trial, this structure was braced and sprung in different ways before the undercarriage was deemed satisfactory.

Flying was delayed by the choice of a new untried engine, a seven-cylinder radial designed by R.J.Issacson of the Hunslet Engine Co. of Leeds. This drove a wooden two-blade airscrew via a 2:1 reduction gear.

The aircraft was taken to Filey on the English East coast for testing on the sands with B.C.Hucks at the controls. On 8 March 1911, after taxying for several miles, he made the first takeoff. He flew successfully for a while at about 30 ft (10 m) and 50 mph (80 km/h), but he sideslipped into the sands when attempting his first turn.

Despite this mishap, after repair the Second Monoplane did good service at Filey as an instructional aircraft, bringing publicity to Blackburn's name and later machines.


Data from Jackson 1968, p. 59

General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 32 ft 0 in (9.75 m)
Wingspan: 30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
Powerplant: 1 x— Issacson seven-cylinder radial, 40 hp (30 kW)


Maximum speed: 60 mph (95 km/h)

Jackson, A.J. (1968). Blackburn Aircraft since 1909. London: Putnam Publishing. ISBN 0 370 00053 6.

Blackburn Second Monoplane Pictures and Blackburn Second Monoplane for Sale.

Living Warbirds: The best warbirds DVD series.

Source: WikiPedia

eXTReMe Tracker