Bloch MB.200 Airplane Videos and Aircraft Pictures

Bloch MB.200 Video - Picture

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Bloch MB.200 Warbird Information

Bloch MB.200

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Role: Bomber
Manufacturer: Societ des Avions Marcel Bloch
Introduction: 1935
Primary users: French Air Force Czech Air Force Bulgarian Air Force Luftwaffe
Produced: 1933-1939
Number built: 332

Aircraft Picture - Aero MB 200

Airplane Picture - Aero MB 200

The MB.200 was a French bomber aircraft of the 1930s designed and built by Societ des Avions Marcel Bloch. A twin-engined high-winged monoplane with a fixed undercarriage, over 200 MB.200s were built for the French Air Force, and the type was also licence built by Czechoslovakia, but it soon became obsolete, and was largely phased out by the start of the Second World War.

Development and design

The Bloch MB.200 was designed in response to a 1932 requirement for a new day/night bomber to equip the French Air Force. It was a high-winged all-metal cantilever monoplane, with a slab-sided fuselage, powered by two Gnome & Rhxne 14Kirs radial engines. It had a fixed tailwheel undercarriage and featured an enclosed cockpit for the pilots. Defensive machine guns were in nose and dorsal gun turrets and a under fuselage gondola.

The first of three prototypes flew on 26 June 1933. As one of the winning designs for the competition, (the other was the larger Farman F.221), an initial order for 30 MB.200s was placed on 1 January 1934, entering service late in that year. Further orders followed, and the MB.200 equipped 12 French squadrons by the end of 1935. Production in France totalled over 208 aircraft (4 by Bloch, 19 by Breguet, 19 by Loire, 45 by Hanriot, 10 by SNCASO and 111 by Potez.

Operational history

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Czechoslovakia chose the MB.200 as part of a modernisation program for its air force of the mid 1930s. Although at the rate of aircraft development at that time, the MB.200 would quickly become obsolete, the Czechoslovakians needed a quick solution involving the license production of a proven design, as their own aircraft industry did not have sufficient development experience with such a large aircraft, or with all-metal airframes and stressed-skin construction, placing an initial order for 74 aircraft. After some delays, both Aero and Avia began license-production in 1937, with a total of about 124 built. Czechoslovakian MB.200s were basically similar to their French counterparts, with differences in defensive armament and other equipment.

The gradual German conquest of Czechoslovakia meant that MB.200s eventually passed under their control, including aircraft that were still coming off the production line. As well as serving in the German Luftwaffe, some bombers were distributed to Bulgaria.

Vichy France deployed a squadron of MB.200s against the Allied invasion of Lebanon and Syria in 1941, carrying out at least one daylight bombing mission against British shipping.

Variants

MB.200.01
single prototype -
MB.200B.4
main production version - 2x Gnome-Rhxne 14Kirs
MB.201
two Hispano-Suiza 12Ybrs engines
MB.202
four Gnome-Rhxne 7Kdrs engines
MB.203
two Clerget 14F diesel engines

Operators

Bulgaria
Bulgarian Air Force - Purchased 12 ex-Czech MB.200s from Germany in 1939, using them as trainers.
Czechoslovakia
Czech Air Force
France
Arme de l'Air (from 1935)
Germany
Luftwaffe (captured)

Specifications (MB.200B.4)

General characteristics

Crew: Four
Length: 16.00 m (52 ft 6 in)
Wingspan: 22.45 m (73 ft 8 in)
Height: 3.90 m (12 ft 10 in)
Wing area: 62.50 m (721 ft)
Empty weight: 4,300 kg (9,480 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 7,480 kg (16,490 lb)
Powerplant: 2 x Gnome-Rhxne 14Kirs, 649 kW (870 hp) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 285 km/h (155 kn, 178 mph)
Range: 1,000 km (540 nmi, 621 mi)
Service ceiling: 8,000 m (26,200 ft)
Rate of climb: 260 m/min (852 ft/min)

Armament

Guns: 3 x 7.5 mm (.295 in) MAC 1934 machine guns (one for each defensive post).
Bombs: 1,200 kg (2,640 lb) of bombs

Related development

MB.210

Bibliography

Angelucci, Enzo. World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft. London, Jane's Publishing, 1981. ISBN 0-7106-0148-4.
Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "Balkan Interlude - The Bulgarian Air Force in WWII". Air Enthusiast. Issue 39, May-August 1989. Bromley, Kent: Tri-Service Press, pp. 58-74. ISSN 0143-5450.
Shores, Christopher S. and Cristian-Jacques Ehrengardt. "Syrian Campaign, 1941: Part 1; Forestalling the Germans; air battles over S. Lebanon". Air Pictorial, July 1970. pp. 242-247.
Shores, Christopher S. and Cristian-Jacques Ehrengardt. "Syrian Campaign, 1941: Part 2; Breaking the back of Vichy air strength; conclusion". Air Pictorial, August 1970. pp. 280-284.
Taylor, Michael J.H. Warplanes of the World 1918-1939. London:Ian Allen, 1981. ISBN 0-7710-1078-1.

Bloch MB.200 Pictures

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