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Bristol Primary Trainer Aircraft Information

Bristol Primary Trainer

Primary Trainer

Manufacturer: Bristol Aeroplane Company
First flight: 1923
Introduced: 1923
Retired: 1933
Primary users: Chile United Kingdom Hungary Bulgaria
Number built: 28

The Bristol Taxiplane and Bristol Primary Trainer were British single-engine biplane light aircraft built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in the early 1920s. A total of 28 were built, being mainly used as trainers.

Design and development

In 1922, the Bristol Aeroplane Company developed a pair of related light aircraft designs, powered by the Bristol Lucifer three-cylinder radial engine, the Type 73 Taxiplane, a three-seat light utility aircraft and tourer, and the Type 83 Primary Trainer, a two-seat trainer intended for use for primary training at Reserve Flying Schools.

The Taxiplane was of wooden construction with fabric covering, and was fitted with single bay biplane wings. It carried two passengers side-by-side in a cockpit behind the pilot. The first Taxiplane, registered G-EBEW, flew on 13 February 1923 , but could only be certificated as a two-seater, being overweight with two passengers and a pilot. Only two more Taxiplanes were built .

The Primary Trainer, also known as the Bristol Lucifer used the same wings, tail and undercarriage as the Taxiplane, but with a new narrower fuselage containing two tandem cockpits. The Primary Trainer showed better performance owing to its slimmer fuselage and lower weight, and was more successful, 24 being built.

A further aircraft, the Bristol Type 83E, was built as a testbed for development of the five-cylinder Bristol Titan radial engine.

Operational history

The first six Primary Trainers entered service with the Reserve Flying School at Filton in July 1923, continuing in service until December 1931, when they were replaced by de Havilland Moths. One of the surviving aircraft was modified as a three-seater and was used for sightseeing. It was scrapped in December 1933.

The remainder of the Type 83s were produced for export, with twelve being sold to Chile, five to Hungary and one to Bulgaria, all in 1926.

Variants

Type 73 Taxiplane Three seat light aircraft. Powered by 100 hp (80 kW) Bristol Lucifer engine, 3 built.

Type 83 Primary Trainer Two seat tandem trainer, 24 built.

Type 83E Testbed for 250 hp (190 kW) Bristol Titan engine, one built.

Operators

Bulgaria

Bulgarian Air Force received one aircraft.

Chile

Chilean Air Force received 12 aircraft.

Hungary

Hungarian Air Force received 5 aircraft.

United Kingdom

Filton Reserve Flying School

Specifications (Type 83)

Data from Bristol Aircraft Since 1910 .

General characteristics

Crew: Two
Length: 24 ft 4 in (7.42 m)
Wingspan: 31 ft 1 in (9.45 m)
Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.69 m)
Wing area: 284 ft (26.4 m)
Empty weight: 1,340 lb (609 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 1,900 lb (864 kg)
Powerplant: 1x Bristol Lucifer 3 cylinder radial, 120 - 140 hp (90 - 104 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 83 kn (96 mph, 155 km/h)
Wing loading: 6.69 lb/ft (32.7 kg/m)

Bristol Primary Trainer Pictures

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Source: WikiPedia

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