Curtiss A-18 Shrike - Airplane Videos and Pictures

Curtiss A-18 Shrike Video - Picture

Warbird Picture - Curtiss A-18 No. 52 assigned to Wright Field (Y1A-18, probably during testing). (U.S. Air Force photo)

Curtiss A-18 Shrike Aircraft Information

Curtiss A-18 Shrike

A-18 Shrike II

Warbird Picture - Curtiss A-18 No. 52 assigned to Wright Field (Y1A-18, probably during testing). (U.S. Air Force photo)

Picture - Curtiss A-18 No. 52 assigned to Wright Field (Y1A-18, probably during testing). (U.S. Air Force photo)

Role: Ground attack
Manufacturer: Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
First flight: September 1935 (A-14)
Retired: 1940
Status: Service test
Primary user: U.S. Army Air Corps
Number built: 13
Unit cost: $105,000
Developed from: Curtiss YA-14

The Curtiss A-18 Model 76A Shrike II was a 1930s United States twin-engine light attack aircraft. It was the production test version of that company's XA-14.

Design and development

In the years leading up to World War II, the United States Army Air Corps were interested in attack aircraft capable of carrying larger bomb loads with greater firepower. The attack aircraft design standard essentially became a light bomber with firepower only slightly less than the medium bombers being developed as the standard .30 in (7.62 mm) machine gun generally was replaced by .50 in (12.7 mm) ones on new aircraft in development.

The Curtiss YA-14 prototype that emerged in 1935 was one of the first single-mission attack aircraft. Although it looked purposeful with its slender fuselage, thin nose and sleek streamlining, the A-14 was hampered by a lack of power, despite its two 775 hp (580 kW) Wright Whirlwind radial engines. Nevertheless, the prototype was able to achieve a maximum speed of 254 mph (409 km/h), outstripping the frontline Boeing P-26 fighter aircraft by 20 mph (32 km/h).Re-engined with 735 hp (550 kW) Curtiss R-1670-5 engines, it was delivered to the Army under serial number 36-146.

Operational history

A newly improved variant, the Y1A-18 had upgraded 850 hp (630 kW) Wright R-1820-47 radial engines with three-bladed propellers replacing the original two-bladed models. Thirteen aircraft were produced, serial numbers 37-52 through 37-64,and although successful in testing, further production was not ordered due to a lack of funds and the availability of more advanced aircraft (such as the A-20 Havoc) under design. After completion of service testing, the Y1A-18s were assigned to operational attack groups and redesignated A-18. The aircraft were initially sent to the 8th Attack Squadron, 3rd Attack Group at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. They won a USAAC award for bombing and gunnery in their first year of service. The A-18 was only used for a short time before being replaced by more advanced attack aircraft. The A-18 was retired from front line service in 1940 and was never used in combat. The last A-18 in flying condition was grounded in 1943.


United States

U.S. Army Air Corps

Specifications (Y1A-18)

Data from The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft

General characteristics

Crew: two
Length: 41 ft 0 in (12.50 m)
Wingspan: 59 ft 6 in (18.14 m)
Height: 11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)
Wing area: 526 ft (48.87 m)
Empty weight: 9,410 lb (4268 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 13,170 lb (5,974 kg)
Powerplant: 2x Wright R-1820-47 radials, 850 hp (634 kW) each


Maximum speed: 247 mph (398 km/h)
Cruise speed: 217 mph (349 km/h)
Range: 651 mi (1,048 km)
Service ceiling: 25,650 ft (8,370 m)


4 x forwards-firing .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns
1 x aft-firing .30 in (7.62 mm) machine gun
400 lb (272 kg) bombs in two wing bays
200 lb (91 kg) bombs or chemical smoke tanks underwing

Related development

Curtiss YA-14

Comparable aircraft

Bristol Blenheim


Eden, Paul and Soph Moeng, eds. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. London: Amber Books Ltd., 2002, ISBN 0-7607-3432-1.
Swanborough, F. G. and Peter M. Bowers. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909. New York: Putnam, 1964. ISBN 0-85177-816-X.

Curtiss A-18 Shrike Pictures

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Source: WikiPedia

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