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Curtiss R2C Aircraft Information

Curtiss R2C

Model 32, C2R, R-8

Manufacturer: Curtiss
First flight: 9 September 1923
Primary user: United States Navy
Number built: 3

The Curtiss C2R was a racing aircraft designed for the United States Navy in 1923. It was a single-seater biplane with a monocoque fuselage and staggered single-bay wings of unequal span braced with I-struts. The aircraft's advanced streamlining featured a top wing mounted directly to the top of the fuselage and surface-mounted radiators for cooling the engine. The aircraft was originally designed and built as a landplane under the Navy designation R2C-1, of which three examples were produced. One was converted into a seaplane version known as the R2C-2 the following year.

Operational history

The C2R-1s were entered in the 1923 Pulitzer Trophy race, and took first and second places piloted by Lt jg Al Williams and Lt Harold Brow at average speeds of 243.67 mph (392.16 km/h) and 241.78 mph (389.11 km/h). Later in the year, Brow took one of the C2R-1s to 259.16 mph (417.06 km/h) and set a new world airspeed record. The second aircraft was sold shortly thereafter to the US Army for the token sum of $1. The Army designated it the R-8 and intended to race the aircraft against the Navy in the 1924 Pulitzer Trophy Race in Fairfield, Ohio, but it was destroyed in a crash during training shortly before the competition killing the pilot, First Lieutenant Alexander Pearson, Jr..

The remaining R2C had its wheeled undercarriage replaced by pontoons during 1924 in preparation for that year's Schneider Trophy race, but the event was cancelled due to a lack of competitors. As it was, the aircraft won that year's Pulitzer Trophy in the seaplane class with an average speed of 227.5 mph (364.9 km/h). The aircraft ended its days training pilots for the 1925 and 1926 Schneider Trophy races.

Operators

United States

United States Navy
United States Army

Specifications (R2C-1)

General characteristics

Crew: One pilot
Length: 19 ft 9 in (6.01 m)
Wingspan: 22 ft 0 in (6.74 m)
Empty weight: 1,692 lb (767 kg)
Gross weight: 2,112 lb (958 kg)
Powerplant: 1 x Curtiss D-12, 507 hp (378 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 267 mph (430 km/h)
Range: 173 miles (279 km)
Service ceiling: 31,800 ft (9,695 m)
Rate of climb: 2,380 ft/min (12.1 m/s)

Swanborough, Gordon; Peter M. Bowers (1976). United States Navy Aircraft since 1911. London: Putnam. ISBN 0 370 10054 9.
Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 796.
World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 891, Sheet 46.

Curtiss R2C Pictures

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Source: WikiPedia

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