Douglas A2D Skyshark Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

Douglas A2D Skyshark Video - Picture

Airplane - Douglas A2D Skyshark

Douglas A2D Skyshark Aircraft Information

Douglas A2D Skyshark

A2D Skyshark

Airplane - Douglas A2D Skyshark

Role: Attack aircraft
Manufacturer: Douglas Aircraft Company
First flight: 1950
Status: Cancelled
Primary user: United States Navy
Number built: 12 (4 never flew)
Developed from: A-1 Skyraider

The Douglas A2D Skyshark was a turboprop-powered attack aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company for the United States Navy.

Design and development

On 25 June 1945, Bureau of Aeronautics (BuAer) asked Douglas Aircraft for a turbine-powered, propeller-driven aircraft. Three proposals were put forth in the next year and a half: the D-557A, to use two General Electric TG-100s in wing nacelles; the D-557B, the same engine, with contra-props; and the D-557C, to use the Westinghouse 25D. These were cancelled, due to engine development difficulties, but BuAer continued to seek an answer to thirsty jets.

On 11 June 1947, Douglas got the Navy's letter of intent for a carrier-based turboprop. The need to operate from Casablanca-class escort carriers dictated the use of a turboprop instead of jet power. The advantages of turboprop engines over pistons was in power-to-weight ratio and the maximum power that could be generated practically. The advantage over jets was that a turboprop ran at near full RPM all the time, and thrust could be quickly generated by simply changing the propeller pitch.

While resembling the AD Skyraider, the A2D was an entirely different airplane, as it had to be, the XT-40-A2 at 5,100 hp (3,800 kW) having more than double the horsepower of the Skyraider's R3350. Wing root thickness decreased, from 17% to 12%, while both the height of the tail and its area grew.

Engine development problems delayed the first flight until 26 May 1950, made at Muroc by George Jansen. Allison failed to deliver a "production" engine until 1953, and while testing an XA2D with that engine, test pilot C. G. "Doc" Livingston pulled out of a dive and was surprised by a loud noise and pitch up. His windscreen was covered with oil and the chase pilot told Livingston that the propellers were gone. The gearbox had failed. Livingston successfully landed the airplane. By the summer of 1954, the A4D was ready to fly. The escort carriers were being mothballed, and time had run out for the troubled A2D program. Due largely to the failure of the T40 program to produce a reliable engine, the Skyshark never entered operational service.

Aircraft Picture - A2D Skyshark on static display at Idaho Falls Regional Airport.

Picture - A2D Skyshark on static display at Idaho Falls Regional Airport.

Twelve Skysharks were built. Most were scrapped or destroyed in accidents, and only one is believed to have survived. The only known surviving Skyshark was restored for static display by Pacific Fighters at the airport at Idaho Falls, Idaho, and remains there as of April 2010.

Specifications (XA2D-1)

Data from Encyclopedia of American Aircraft

General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 41 ft 3 in (12.58 m)
Wingspan: 50 ft 0 in (15.24 m)
Height: 17 ft 1 in (3.68 m)
Wing area: 400 ft (37 m)
Empty weight: 12,900 lb (5,864 kg)
Loaded weight: 18,700 lb (8,500 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 22,960 lb (10,436 kg)
Powerplant: 1x Allison XT-40-A-2 turboprop, 5,100 shp (3,800 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 435 kn (501 mph, 813 km/h)
Range: 1,900 nmi (2,200 mi, 3,520 km)
Service ceiling: 48,100 ft (14,664 m)
Rate of climb: 7,290 ft/min (37 m/s)
Wing loading: 47 lb/ft (230 kg/m)
Power/mass: 0.27 hp/lb (440 W/kg)

Armament

Guns: 4 x 20 mm (0.79 in) T31 cannon
Other: 5,500 lb (2,500 kg) on 11 external hardpoints

Related development

A-1 Skyraider

Comparable aircraft

Westland Wyvern
Fairey Gannet
Tupolev Tu-91

Bibliography

Francillon, Ren J. McDonnell Douglas Aircraft since 1920. London:Putnam, 1979. ISBN 0-370-00050-1.
Heinemann, Edward, H. and Rausa, Rosario. Combat Aircraft Designer. London: Jane's Publishing Co., 1980. ISBN 0-7106-0040-2.
Markgraf, Gerry. Douglas Skyshark, A2D Turbo-Prop Attack (Naval Fighters Number Forty-Three). Simi Valley, CA: Ginter Books, 1997. ISBN 0-942612-43-4.

Douglas A2D Skyshark Pictures

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Source: WikiPedia

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