Douglas XA-2 Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

Douglas XA-2 Video - Picture

Aircraft Picture - Douglas XA-2 with removed cowling on the lower nose to enhance engine cooling

Douglas XA-2 Aircraft Information

Douglas XA-2

XA-2

Aircraft Picture - Douglas XA-2 with removed cowling on the lower nose to enhance engine cooling

Picture - Douglas XA-2 with removed cowling on the lower nose to enhance engine cooling

Role: Attack
Manufacturer: Douglas
Status: Prototype
Primary user: U.S. Army Air Corps
Number built: 1
Developed from: Douglas O-2

The Douglas XA-2 was a United States prototype attack aircraft converted from the last Douglas O-2 observation plane in the spring of 1926 by Douglas Aircraft. The reason for the choice of nomenclature lay in the prior existence of the Cox Klemin A-1 ambulance plane, and possible confusion caused by the similar designations. There was also an A-2 ambulance plane - a modification of the Fokker T-2 (Type F-IV) - but it had been decommissioned before the launch of the Douglas A-2.

While the basic structure of the plane remained, there were several modifications made to better suit its new role as a fighter aircraft. First, the water-cooled Liberty engine (V-1650) of the O-2 was replaced by an air-cooled V-1410 inverted (cylinder heads upside down) Liberty engine. The reason for this was that water cooling system was seen as too vulnerable to enemy attack. The lower engine cowlings were omitted to allow for more cooling air flow over the engine. Second, the A-2 was more heavily armed than the O-2. The A-2 had six forward-firing .30-caliber Browning machine guns - two in the nose forward of the cockpit, and two each in the mid-upper and lower wings. Two .30-caliber Lewis guns were put on a flexible mount for use by the observer-gunner in rear defense of the aircraft. The aircraft also had the capacity for a small bomb load of 100 lb (45 kg).

The Douglas XA-2 was evaluated against the Curtiss XA-3 (a conversion of the Curtiss O-1B observation plane). The Douglas aircraft won the initial competition, but the Army realized that the Liberty engine was both under-powered and in dwindling supply. It ordered a second competition with both models upgraded with Packard 1A-1500 engines. The Curtiss aircraft won this time and became the U.S. Army Air Corps' front-line attack aircraft (Curtiss A-3 Attack Falcon) from 1928 to 1935.

Contract details

Number Built/Converted: 1 (cv)
Serial number: 25-380
Air Corps designation XP-472
Conversion contract signed in March 1926

Operators

United States

United States Army Air Corps

Specifications (XA-2)

General characteristics

Crew: Two (pilot & observer-rear gunner)
Length: 29 ft 7 in (9.02 m)
Wingspan: 39 ft 8 in (12.09 m)
Height: 11 ft (3.4 m)
Max takeoff weight: 4,985 lb (2,260 kg)
Powerplant: 1x Liberty V-1410 inverted piston engine, 433 hp (323 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 130 mph (210 km/h)
Cruise speed: 100 mph (160 km/h)
Range: 400 mi (600 km)
Service ceiling: 15,000 ft (4,500 m)

Armament

6 x forward firing .30-cal. (7.62 mm) Browning machine guns
2 x flexible .30-cal. Lewis machine guns
Provision for 100 lb (45 kg) of bombs mounted on lower wing racks

Related development

Douglas O-2

Comparable aircraft

A-3 Falcon

Douglas XA-2 Pictures

More aircraft.

Source: WikiPedia

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