Handley Page HP.115 Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

Handley Page HP.115 Video - Animation


Handley Page HP.115 Aircraft Information

Handley Page HP.115

HP.115

Warbird Picture - HP.115 during trials

Picture - HP.115 during trials

Role: Research aircraft
Manufacturer: Handley Page
First flight: 17 August 1961
Retired: 1974
Primary user: Royal Aircraft Establishment
Number built: 1

The Handley Page HP.115 was a British delta wing research aircraft built by Handley Page to test the low-speed handling characteristics to be expected from a supersonic airliner of slender configuration. It formed part of the British supersonic aircraft research programme sponsored by the Ministry of Supply that eventually emerged as the Concorde.

Design and development

The HP.115 was designed to explore the low speed envelope of slender, delta wing aircraft. It was originally intended to be a glider, being towed by a Canberra aircraft to high altitude of around 30,000 ft (9,140 m). After reviewing costs, it was estimated that a powered version would achieve 200% more flying time at 95% less cost per hour.

It featured a delta wing of very low aspect ratio swept at 75 and a fixed tricycle undercarriage derived from the main gear of a Percival Prentice and the nosegear from a Miles Aerovan . The fuselage was quite slim and narrow except at the nose where it bulged to give space for the cockpit. It was powered by a single Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet set at the base of the tailplane fin.

Airplane Picture - The HP.115 at the SBAC show in 1961

Picture - The HP.115 at the SBAC show in 1961

The aerofoil section was a modified bi-convex type with the maximum thickness at 40% of the chord. This section was chosen as being representative of the type likely to be adopted for a supersonic transport. It had a favourable chordwise distribution of crosssectional area and hence a low wave drag in supersonic flight. A unique plywood leading edge was employed wherein new sections of different degrees of camber could be substituted although in practice, this feature was never used.

Testing and evaluation

The single aircraft XP841 flew for first time on 17 August 1961 at the Royal Aircraft Establishment Bedford, with J.M. Henderson at the controls. It was subsequently used for low speed research in support of the Concorde development programme while the BAC 221, (a modified Fairey Delta 2) covered high-speed research. The HP.115 was a very capable aircraft; pilots were able to demonstrate rapid changes of bank, while still safely retaining control at speeds as low as 69 mph (111 km/h). Despite two minor mishaps, the experimental programme was a very lengthy one continuing until 1974, providing significant data regarding delta wing operations in takeoff and landing.

Neil Armstrong was due to fly the HP.115 as a test pilot in 1962, but after his selection as an astronaut, NASA refused him permission to fly the aircraft. He eventually flew it in 1971.

Airplane Picture - HP.115 at the Fleet Air Arm Museum

Picture - HP.115 at the Fleet Air Arm Museum

The HP.115 is preserved at the Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton forming part of "The Leading Edge Exhibition," alongside the BAC 221 and a Concorde prototype.

Operators

United Kingdom

Royal Aircraft Establishment

Specifications (HP.115)

Data from X-Planes and Prototypes: From Nazi Secret Weapons to the Warplanes of the Future

General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 50 ft 4 in (15.33 m)
Wingspan: 20 ft (6.1 m)
Height: 12 ft 9 in (3.9 m)
Wing area: 432 ft (40.1 m)
Airfoil: Bicon 6%
Empty weight: 3,680 lb (1,670 kg)
Loaded weight: 5,050 lb (2,291 kg)
Useful load: (Fuel) 1,175 lb (533 kg)
Powerplant: 1x Bristol Siddeley Viper BSV.9 turbojet, 1,900 lbf static (8.455 kN)

Performance

Maximum speed: 248 mph (399 km/h)
Endurance: 40 minutes

Comparable aircraft

Boulton Paul P.111

Bibliography

Barfield, Norman. "Arospatiale/BAC Concorde." Aircraft in Profile, Volume 14. Windsor, Berkshire, UK: Profile Publications, 1974. ISBN 0-85383-023-1.
Barnes, C. H. Handley Page Aircraft Since 1907. London: Putnam & Company, Ltd., 1987. ISBN 0-85177-803-8.
Clayton, Donald C. Handley Page, an Aircraft Album. Shepperton, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan Ltd., 1969. ISBN 0-7110-0094-8.
Winchester, Jim. "Handley Page HP.115 (1961)." X-Planes and Prototypes: From Nazi Secret Weapons to the Warplanes of the Future. London: Amber Books Ltd., 2005. ISBN 1-904687-40-7.

Handley Page HP.115 Pictures and Handley Page HP.115 for Sale.

Living Warbirds: The best warbirds DVD series.

Source: WikiPedia

eXTReMe Tracker