Kamov Ka-22 Airplane Videos and Aircraft Pictures

Kamov Ka-22 Video - Picture

Aircraft Picture - Kamov Ka-22

Kamov Ka-22 Warbird Information

Kamov Ka-22

Aircraft Picture - Kamov Ka-22

Role: Transport Gyrodyne
National origin: Soviet Union
Manufacturer: Kamov
First flight: 15 August 1959

The Kamov Ka-22 Vintokryl (rotor-wing, or literally, (air)screw-wing) (Cyrillic:Камов Ка-22 Винтокрыл) (NATO reporting name: Hoop) was a rotorcraft developed by Kamov for the Soviet Air Force. The experimental transport aircraft combined the capabilities of a helicopter for vertical take-off and landing with those of a fixed-wing aircraft for cruise. The Ka-22 carried a large payload, having a hold comparable in size to the Antonov An-12. Eight world records for altitude and speed were set by the Ka-22 in its class, none of which have since been broken.

Development

In order to increase the effective range of a helicopter, Kamov designer Vladimir Barshevsky drew up a design for a helicopter with wings and an aeroplane propulsive system. In 1954 a proposal was agreed to produce three Ka-22s. The programme was delayed and on 28 March 1956 prototypes 2 and 3 were cancelled. The Ka-22 first lifted from the ground on 17 June 1959, and made its first untethered flight on 15 August 1959. Serious control difficulties were encountered, leading to orders being postponed until the problems were solved, and in July 1960 an order was received to manufacture three more Ka-22s.

Design

The Ka-22 was in essence a fixed-wing aircraft with rotors fitted above the wing tips. An engine was mounted on each wing tip, with drive to both a forward-pulling four-blade propeller and a vertical four-blade rotor. The rotors were larger derivatives of those fitted to the Mi-4. The original prototype was powered by 5,900shp Kuznetsov TV-2VK engines, although these were later replaced by the 5,500shp Soloviev D-25VK. The fuselage contained three-seat cockpit above the glazed nose and a main cargo area large enough to contain 80 seats or 16.5 tonnes of cargo. The entire nose could swing open to starboard for loading bulky items. In helicopter mode the propeller drive was disconnected and the flaps were lowered to 90 degrees. In fixed-wing mode, the lifting rotors were free to windmill, and the aircraft was controlled by the ailerons and tail surfaces. The twin-wheel landing gear was fixed.

Operational history

During its short operational history, a total of eight world records were set by the Ka-22, piloted by D.K. Yefremov and V.V. Gromov. On 7 October 1961, with spats over the wheels and a fairing behind the cockpit, a class speed record was set at 356.3 km/h. The spats and fairing were then removed and on 24 November 1961 a payload of 16,485 kg was lifted to 2,557m.

On 28 August 1962, while on an intermediate stop during a ferry flight to Moscow for acceptance testing, Ka-22 0I-01 rolled to the left and crashed inverted, killing the entire crew. The cause was found to be the rotor linkage, and further inspection found that two of the other three Ka-22s suffered from the same defect. Subsequently, in order to improve stability and control, a complex differential autopilot was installed. This sensed attitude and angular accelerations, and fed into the control system.

On 12 August 1964, while involved in Soviet Air Force testing, OI-03 was destroyed. The aircraft entered an uncontrolled turn to the right, and in efforts to correct the Ka-22 pitched into a steep dive. The order was given to abandon the aircraft, and three of the crew survived, but Col S.G.Brovtsev, who was flying, and technician A.F.Rogov, were killed.

After this, the Ka-22 was abandoned, with the Mil Mi-6 having already taken on the heavy helicopter role. Eventually the two surviving machines, 0I-02 and 0I-04, were scrapped. The Ka-22 was only seen once by western observers during the Cold War during an Aviation Day display in Moscow on July 9, 1961.

Operators

Soviet Union

Soviet Air Force

Specifications (Ka-22)

Data from www.kamov.ru and www.aviastar.org

General characteristics

Crew: 5
Capacity: 16,500 kg
Length: 27 m (102 ft 10 in)
Diameter: 22.5 m (85 ft 9 in)
Height: (inside cargo hold) 2.8 m (10 ft 8 in)
Gross weight: 42,500 kg (93,700 lb)
Powerplant: 2 x D-25VK turboshafts, 4,045 kW (5,500 hp) each each

Performance

Maximum speed: 350 km/h (220 mph)
Range: 450 km (280 miles)
Service ceiling: 5,500 m (21,000 ft)

Comparable aircraft

Fairey Rotodyne
Mil V-12

Kamov Ka-22 Pictures

More airplane video.

Source: WikiPedia

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