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Kawasaki C-2 Aircraft Information

Kawasaki C-2

XC-2 (C-X)

Manufacturer: Kawasaki Heavy Industries
First flight: 26 January 2010
Status: In development/flight testing
Primary user: Japan Air Self-Defense Force
Number built: 40 planned
Unit cost: approx. 10 billion yen / 120 millon US dollar

The Kawasaki XC-2 (previously C-X) is a military transport aircraft being developed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries for the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).


After researching foreign aircraft like the C-130J Super Hercules, C-17 Globemaster III, and Airbus A400M, the JDA concluded that no aircraft had the capabilities the JASDF required. The JDA decided to develop its own transport aircraft. In 2001, the Japan Defense Agency (later Japan Ministry of Defense) had decided on buying a new transport aircraft, planning to buy 40 aircraft to replace its aging Kawasaki C-1 and C-130 Hercules fleets.

Kawasaki Heavy Industries was chosen to develop the aircraft, in parallel with the P-X to cut costs, sharing major airframe parts and system components; using the same basic wing structure, although it is installed at different sweep angle and dihedral on the two versions, with different high lift devices and powerplant attachments. As of 2007, the total development cost for the two aircraft has been 345 billion yen (or roughly equal to $2.9 billion), which is comparably low to similar programs;The development contract for the P-8 Poseidon alone is $3.89 billion.) Kawasaki also intends to sell a commercial model able to fly on commercial airline routes.

During the construction of the first prototype there was been a problem with some American made rivets which delayed the roll-out to July 4, 2007 along with its cousin aircraft P-X (now XP-1). Structural testing also revealed deformation of the XP-1 / XC-2 horizontal stabiliser as well as cracking in the XC-2 undercarriage trunnion structure and parts of the fuselage. First flight of the XC-2 took place on 26 January 2010.

According to the Chunichi Shimbun, the aircraft will cost about 10 billion yen per plane (about US$80 million). Postponement of the F-X program and the need to increase funding of the F-15J fleet modernisastion program have necessitated a one year delay in the C-2 program. Re-designated C-2 before the firstflight at Gifu Air Field, on 26 January 2010, the first flight was carried out with out problems and the aircraft delivered to the Japanese Defence Ministry on 30 March 2010.


The aircraft is being developed to meet the requirements of the Ministry of Defense: a minimum payload of 26 tonnes, 120 ton (240,000 lb 108.8 tonnes) take-off weight, ability to land on short runways, (e.g. Tachikawa-900 m), a maximum payload of 37.6 tons (75,200 lb 34.1 metric tonnes) whilst taking off from a 2300m runway at a 141 tons (282,000 lb 127.9 tonnes) take-off weight, ability to fly international airway routes, tactical flight management system, automatic load/off-load system, in-flight refuelling and nightvision systems.

Specifications (C-2)

Data from khi.co.jp flightglobal.com

General characteristics

Crew: 3
Capacity: Length 16 m x Width 4 m x Height 4 m
Payload: 37,600 kg (84,000 lb)
Length: 43.9 m (144 ft)
Wingspan: 44.4 m (145 ft 8 in)
Height: 14.2 m (46 ft 7 in)
Empty weight: 60,800 kg (133,920 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 120,100 kg (265,000 lb)
Powerplant: 2x GE CF6-80C2K1F, 59,740 lbf (266 kN) each


Cruise speed: Mach 0.8 (550 mph, 890 km/h)
Range: 6500 km (4,039 mi; 3,510 nmi) at 30-tonne payload
Ferry range: 10,000 km (6,214 mi; 5,400 nmi)
Service ceiling: 40,000 ft (12,200 m)

Related development

Kawasaki P-1
Kawasaki YPX

Comparable aircraft

Airbus A400M
Embraer C-390
Antonov An-70

Kawasaki C-2 Pictures

More aircraft.

Source: WikiPedia

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