Martin P5M Marlin Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

Martin P5M Marlin Video - Overview


Martin P5M Marlin Video - VP 48 II - San Diego - Launche and takeoff

Martin P5M Marlin Aircraft Information

Martin P5M Marlin

P5M/P-5 Marlin

Warbird Picture - US Coast Guard Martin P5M-2G Marlin

Picture - US Coast Guard Martin P5M-2G Marlin

Role: Patrol aircraft
Manufacturer: Glenn L. Martin Company
First flight: 30 May 1948
Introduced: 1952
Retired: 1967
Status: Retired
Primary users: United States Navy United States Coast Guard French Navy
Number built: 285
Developed from: PBM Mariner

The Martin P5M Marlin (P-5 Marlin after 1962), built by the Glenn L. Martin Company of Middle River, Maryland, was a twin engined piston powered flying boat entering service in 1951 and serving into late 1960s in service with the United States Navy for naval patrol. It also served in the U.S. Coast Guard and with the French Navy. 285 were produced overall.

Development

Built as evolutionary successor to the PBM Mariner, it had better engines, improved hull form, and more conventional tail. The XP5M Marlin prototypes were based on the last PBM-5 Mariners, the company designation being Model 237. It would be heavily improved again leading to the P5M-2 (Model 237B), which was redesignated SP-5B. A number of P5M-1 models were also used for training, designated TP-5A (after 1962).

Design

Airplane Picture - P5M-1 of VP-45 in 1954

Picture - P5M-1 of VP-45 in 1954

The Marlin was designed as a gull-winged aircraft to place the engines and propellers high above the spray. Power was by two Wright R-3350 radial engines. The rear hull did not lift sharply from the water at the tail, instead rising up steadily, a Martin innovation; this gave the aircraft a longer base of flotation and reduced "porpoising" over waves.

The prototype had nose and tail turrets with twin 20 millimetres (0.79 in) cannon in each, as well as a dorsal turret with two 0.5 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns. The cockpit area was the same as the Mariner's. It first flew in 30 May 1948.

Airplane Picture - A VP-40 SP-5B after the last operational U.S. Navy flight of a Marlin in 1967

Picture - A VP-40 SP-5B after the last operational U.S. Navy flight of a Marlin in 1967

The first of 167 production P5M-1 aircraft was produced in 1951, flying on 22 June 1951. Changes from the prototype included a raised flight deck for improved visibility, the replacement of the nose turret with a large radome for the AN/APS-44 search radar, the deletion of the dorsal turret, and new, streamlined wing floats. The engine nacelles were lengthened to provide room for weapons bays in the rear.

The P5M-1 was followed by 116 P5M-2 planes. These had a T-tail to put the tail surfaces out of the spray, a AN/ASQ-8 MAD boom at the rear of the tail-tip, no tail guns, better crew accommodation and an improved bow to reduce spray during takeoff and landing.

Operational history

Airplane Picture - A French P5M-2 in 1957

Picture - A French P5M-2 in 1957

Vietnam

The last flying boat operations of the United States Navy were Market Time patrols of VP-40. Maritime surveillance began in February 1965 to locate small craft transporting supplies from North Vietnam to Viet Cong units in South Vietnam. VP-40 operated from seaplane tenders and patrolled off the Mekong delta between Phx Quốc and Vung Tau. The last U.S. Navy P5M, redesignated as an SP-5B, was flown to NAS Patuxent River, Maryland on 12 July 1968 for interim storage pending construction of display area at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. As a display area at Smithsonian did not materialize, the aircraft was later relocated to the National Museum of Naval Aviation at NAS Pensacola, Florida where it is currently on display.

US Coast Guard

Seven P5M-1Gs and four P5M-2Gs were built for the United States Coast Guard for air-sea rescue service, but the service found the planes difficult to maintain and surplus to requirements. They were subsequently transferred to the U.S. Navy, which redesignated them as TP-5As and used them as training aircraft, since they had no provision for armament.

French Navy

The French Navy took delivery of ten ex-USN Marlins in 1959 to replace Short Sunderlands in maritime patrol service, based out of Dakar, Senegal in West Africa. They were returned five years later.

Variants

XP-5M
Prototype converted from a PBM Mariner with modified hull.
P5M-1
Production model for the United States Navy, 160 built, later re-designated P-5A.
P5M-1G
Modified P5M-1 for the United States Coast Guard, seven conversions, later returned to the Navy as P5M-1T.
P5M-1S
Modified P5M-1 with upgraded electronic and anti-submarine equipment, eighty conversion later re-designated SP-5A.
P5M-1T
Seven former USCG P5M-1Gs returned to Navy as crew trainers and one former P5M-1, later re-designated TP-5A.
P5M-2
Updated production model, 108 built for the US Navy and 12 built for the French Navy, United States aircraft later re-designated P-5B. P5M-2 featured T-tail in lieu of low mounted horizontal surfaces in P5M-1.
P5M-2S
Most P5M-2s were modified with upgraded electronic and anti-submarine equipment, later re-designated SP-5B.
P5M-2G
Four P5M-2s built for the USCG, later transferred to US Navy as P5M-2s.
P-5A
P5M-1 re-designated in 1962.
SP-5A
P5M-1S re-designated in 1962.
TP-5A
P5M-1T re-designated in 1962.
P-5B
P5M-2 re-designated in 1962.
SP-5B
P5M-2S re-designated in 1962.

Operators

France

French Navy

United States

United States Coast Guard
United States Navy

Survivors

One SP-5B is located at the National Museum of Naval Aviation in Florida. Believed to be the last remaining example, it is currently displayed outside in poor condition, but is scheduled for partial and, eventually, full restoration. The restoration is being financed by the museum and the Mariner/Marlin Association.

Specifications (P5M-2)

Data from United States Navy Aircraft since 1911

General characteristics

Crew: 11
Length: 100 ft 7 in (30.7 m)
Wingspan: 117 ft 2 in (35.7 m)
Height: 32 ft 9 in (10.0 m)
Wing area: 1,406 ft (130.1 m)
Empty weight: 50,485 lb (22,900 kg)
Loaded weight: 72,600 lb (33,000 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 85,000 lb (38,600 kg)
Powerplant: 2x Wright R-3350-32WA radial engines, 3,450 hp (2,570 kW) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 218 kn (404 km/h, 251 mph)
Cruise speed: 130 kn (242 km/h, 150 mph)
Range: 1,783 nmi (3,300 km, 2,050 mi)
Service ceiling: 24,000 ft (7,300 m)
Rate of climb: 1,200 ft/min (6.1 m/s)
Wing loading: 60.5 lb/ft (287 kg/m)
Power/mass: 0.081 hp/lb (0.13 kW/kg)

Armament

4 x 2,160 lb (980 kg) torpedoes or
4 x 2,000 lb (907 kg) mines or bombs or
8 x 1,000 lb (454 kg) mines or
16 x 500 lb (227 kg) bombs or
16 x 330 lb (150 kg) depth charges or
1 x Mk.90 "Betty" nuclear depth charge

Avionics

AN/APS-44 radar (later replaced by AN/APS-80 radar)

Related development

PBM Mariner
P7M Submaster

Comparable aircraft

Beriev Be-12
Short Sunderland
ShinMaywa US-1A

Bibliography

Andrade, John, U.S.Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909, Midland Counties Publications, 1979, ISBN 0 904597 22 9
Roberts, Michael D. Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons: Volume 2 The History of VP, VPB, VP(HL) and VP(AM) Squadrons. Washington DC: Naval Historical Centre, 2000.
Swanborough, Gordon and Bowers, Peter M. United States Navy Aircraft since 1911. London:Putnam, Second edition 1976. ISBN 0 370 10054 9.
The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing, Page 2420

Martin P5M Marlin Pictures and Martin P5M Marlin for Sale.

Living Warbirds: The best warbirds DVD series.

Source: WikiPedia

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