Parnall Panther Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

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Airplane - Parnall Panther

Parnall Panther Aircraft Information

Parnall Panther

Panther

Airplane - Parnall Panther

Role: Carrier based reconnaissance
Manufacturer: Parnall and Sons
Designed by: Harold Bolas
First flight: 1917
Introduced: 1919
Retired: 1926
Primary users: Fleet Air Arm IJN Air Service United States Navy
Number built: 155

The Parnall Panther was a British carrier based spotter and reconnaissance aircraft designed and developed by Parnall and Sons in the latter years of the First World War. 150 Panthers were built by Bristol Aeroplane Company after the end of the First World War, Parnall having withdrawn from aircraft manufacture, continuing in service until 1926.

Development

The Parnall Panther was designed by Harold Bolas, who had joined Parnall and Sons after leaving the Admiralty's Air Department, where he had served as deputy chief designer under Harris Booth . It was planned to meet the requirements of Admiralty Specification N.2A for a two seat reconnaissance aircraft capable of operating from aircraft carriers. The first prototype, (serial N91) flew in 1917, with a further five prototypes being produced .

Design

The Panther was a wooden, single bay biplane, which unusually for the time, was fitted with a birch plywood monocoque fuselage, which could be folded for shipboard storage, the fuselage being hinged aft of the observers cockpit. The pilot and observer were seated in individual cockpits in the deep fuselage, this giving a good view for landing, but restricting access to the pilots cockpit. Inflatable floatation air bags were fitted beneath the wings to keep the aircraft afloat in the event of ditching into the sea, with a hydrovane fitted in front of the undercarriage in order to stop the aircraft nosing over.

Operational history

After evaluation, an order for 300 Panthers was placed with Parnall in 1918. However, this was reduced to 150 following the end of the year. Parnall, who had been purchased by W. & T. Avery Ltd. rejected this reduction in the order, so the order was transferred to the Bristol Aeroplane Company , the order being completed between 1919 and 1920.

The Panther served with Spotter Reconnaissance Flights aboard the aircraft carriers HMS Argus and HMS Hermes. While the Panthers handled well in the air, the elderly Bentley engines proved unreliable, while the system of longitudinal arrestor wires in use aboard British aircraft carriers at the time, was unsatisfactory, resulting in many accidents. Panthers continued in service with the Fleet Air Arm until 1926, being replaced by the Fairey IIID.

Twelve Panthers were sold to the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1921-22, with two being sold to the US Navy in 1920 .

Operators

Aircraft Picture - Japanese Navy's Parnall Panther

Picture - Japanese Navy's Parnall Panther

United Kingdom

Fleet Air Arm
Royal Air Force
No. 205 Squadron RAF

Japan

Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service

United States

United States Navy

Specifications

Data from British Naval Aircraft since 1912

General characteristics

Crew: Two
Length: 24 ft 11 in (7.60 m)
Wingspan: 29 ft 6 in (8.99 m)
Height: 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)
Wing area: 336 ft (31.2 m)
Empty weight: 1,328 lb (602 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 2,595 lb (1,177 kg)
Powerplant: 1x Bentley BR2 rotary engine, 230 hp (172 kW)
Folded length: 14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)

Performance

Maximum speed: 94 knots (108.5 mph, 175 km/h) at 6,500 ft (2,000 m)
Range: 417 nm (480 mi, 773 km )
Service ceiling: 14,500 ft (4,420 m)
Endurance: 4 hours
Climb to 2,000 ft (610 m): 2 min 20 sec

Armament

Guns: One .303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis gun in observers cockpit

Parnall Panther Pictures

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Source: WikiPedia

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