Polikarpov I-6 Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

Polikarpov I-6 Video and Picture

Polikarpov I-6

Polikarpov I-6 Aircraft Information

Polikarpov I-6


Polikarpov I-6

Role: Fighter
National origin: Soviet Union
Manufacturer: Polikarpov
Designed by: Nikolai Polikarpov
First flight: 30 March 1930
Status: prototype
Number built: 2

The Polikarpov I-6 was a Soviet biplane fighter prototype of the late 1920s. It was designed with traditional wooden construction for comparison with the wood and steel tube construction Polikarpov I-5. Its development took longer than planned and the lead designer, Nikolai Polikarpov, was arrested for industrial sabotage, which only further delayed the project. Only two prototypes were built, as the I-5 was selected for production.

Design and development

Development of the I-6 (Istrebitel'-fighter) began in September 1928 with a deadline for delivery for the first prototype of 1 August 1929 after the first prototypes of the Polikarpov I-3 were completed. Although the new fighter shared many of the characteristics of the earlier design, including the staggered sesquiplane, single-bay, layout of the wings, it was a new design which used a nine-cylinder, single-row, air-cooled Bristol Jupiter radial engine rather the water-cooled inline engine of its predecessor. It was designed by the OSS (Otdel Sookhoputnykh Samolyotov-Landplane Department), later redesignated as OPO-1 (Opytnyy Otdel-Experimental Department) of Aviatrest ("Aviation Trust") under the supervision of Nikolai Polikarpov, head designer of the department. It was originally intended to be compared to the I-3, but this was changed to an evaluation of construction methods with the wooden construction I-6 compared to the mixed construction Polikarpov I-5. Both aircraft used the Jupiter VI engine for which a license had recently been negotiated.

The I-6 had a oval-section semi-monocoque fuselage covered with 'shpon', molded birch plywood, with a small headrest faired into the fuselage, although the engine was enclosed in a metal cowling that left the cylinder heads exposed for better cooling. The two-spar wings were covered in plywood and fabric and had a Clark Y profile. Internal bracing wires were fitted to reinforce the wings. The control surfaces were framed in duralumin, but covered in fabric. The duralumin N-type struts that separated the wings, and attached the upper wing to the fuselage, had a teardrop profile. They were reinforced with steel bracing wires. The conventional undercarriage was fixed with rubber shock absorbers. The wooden propeller was given a spinner. The lighter weight of the air-cooled Jupiter engine, which required neither a heavy radiator nor coolant, meant that the I-6 had an empty weight only 62% of that of the I-3.

Polikarpov was arrested and imprisoned by the OGPU in September 1929 for the crime of industrial sabotage when neither the I-6 nor the I-5 projects met their stipulated deadlines, and this delayed the first flight of the I-6 until 30 March 1930. The second prototype was completed shortly thereafter and both aircraft appeared in that year's May Day fly-past over Moscow. Both aircraft likely used imported engines before they were replaced by the Soviet-built copy of the Jupiter, the Shvetsov M-22. One I-6 crashed on 13 June 1930 after the test pilot bailed out, without justification, in the opinion of the Soviet aviation historian Vadim B. Shavrov.

The I-5 and the I-6 were virtually identical in performance, although the I-6 took 15 seconds to complete a full circle versus the 9.5 seconds of the I-5. Both aircraft were armed with two 7.62 mm (0.3 in) PV-1 machine guns, but the production model of the I-5 was expected to be armed with four, although this proved to impose too great a penalty to the I-5's performance. The exact reasons for the selection of the I-5 over the I-6, which was debated for a full year, are not known, but likely relate to both of these factors. Curiously, Polikarpov was not informed of the selection of the I-5 until his release in 1933 after his initial sentence of death had been commuted to ten years of imprisonment in a labor camp.


Data from Shavrov, Istoriia konstruktskii samoletov v SSSR do 1938 g.

General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in)
Wingspan: 10 m (32 ft 10 in)
Height: ()
Wing area: 20.5 m (220.7 ft)
Empty weight: 868 kg (1,914 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,280 kg (2,822 lb)
Powerplant: 1x Shvetsov M-22 radial engine, 313 kW (420 hp)


Maximum speed: 280 km/h (151 kn, 174 mph)
Range: 700 km (378 nmi, 435 mi)
Service ceiling: 7,500 m (24,606 ft)
Wing loading: 62 kg/m (13 lb/ft)
Power/mass: 245 W/kg (0.15 hp/lb)
Time to altitude: 10 minutes to 5,000 m (16,405 ft)
Horizontal turn time: 15 sec


2 x 7.62 mm (0.30 in) PV-1 machine guns

Related development

Polikarpov I-5

Comparable aircraft

Heinkel HD 37
Curtiss P-6 Hawk
Bristol Bulldog


Gordon, Yefim; Dexter, Keith (2002). Poliarpov's Biplane Fighters. Red Star. 6. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-141-5.
Green, William; Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Godalming, UK: Salamander Books. pp. 415.
Gunston, Bill (1995). The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875-1995. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-85532-405-9.
Shavrov, V. B. (1985) (in Russian). Istoriia konstruktskii samoletov v SSSR do 1938 g. (3izd.). Mashinostroenie. ISBN 5-217-03112-3.

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Source: WikiPedia

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