Savoia-Marchetti S.55 Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

Savoia-Marchetti S.55 Video - Picture

Airplane Picture - An S.55P of Aeroflot circa 1933

Savoia-Marchetti S.55 Aircraft Information

Savoia-Marchetti S.55

Airplane Picture - An S.55P of Aeroflot circa 1933

Picture - An S.55P of Aeroflot circa 1933

Role: Flying boat
Manufacturer: Savoia-Marchetti
Designed by: Alessandro Marchetti
First flight: August 1924
Introduced: 1926
Retired: 1945
Primary users: Societa Idrovolanti Alto Italia (Savoia) 'Regia Aeronautica
Number built: 200

The Savoia-Marchetti S.55 was a double-hulled flying boat produced in Italy beginning in 1924. Shortly after its introduction it began setting records for speed, payload, altitude and range.

Design and development

The S.55 featured many innovative design features. All the passengers or cargo were placed in the twin hulls, but the pilot and crew captained the plane from a cockpit in the thicker section of the wing between the two hulls. The S.55 had two inline counter-rotating propellers, achieved by mounting the twin engines back to back. The engines were canted sharply at an upward angle. Two wire-braced booms connected the triple-finned tail structure to the twin hulls and wing.

Operational history

Airplane Picture - A Romanian S.55 in 1943

Picture - A Romanian S.55 in 1943

Even though its design was unusual, the Savoia-Marchetti S.55 was a remarkably airworthy craft. In 1926, the S.55P prototype set 14 world records for speed, altitude and distance with a payload. The S.55's greatest successes, however, were its many flights between Europe and the Americas.

The Brazilian Joxo Ribeiro de Barros and his crew of three made an Atlantic crossing in the S.55 "Jahx" on 24 April 1927. Departing Santiago Island Beach, he crossed the Atlantic in the "Jahx" and landed at Fernando de Noronha Island, Brazil.

The Savoia-Marchetti S.55 was one of the first aircraft to cross the Atlantic Ocean when the Santa Maria under Francesco de Pinedo made the crossing between Dakar, Senegal and Pernambuco, Brazil setting out on 13 February 1927 - more than three months before Charles Lindbergh's first solo crossing. After that crossing, the aircraft were sold to Brazil, which paid in coffee. Pilots Francesco de Pinedo and Carlo del Prete took off from Sesto Calende, Italy, in an S-55 and headed west across the South Atlantic. Four months later, they arrived back in Italy, having flown nearly 48,280 km (30,000 mi) in 193 flying hours and having made just over 50 stops, including Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires and New York City.

The Italian Air Marshall of the time, Italo Balbo soon became famous for organizing fleets of S.55s for Atlantic crossings, culminating in his 1933 flight with 24 aircraft to Chicago's Century of Progress International Exposition. On 1 July 1933, General Balbo commanded a flight of S-55s from Orbetello, Italy, completing the flight in just over 48 hours, maintaining a tight "V" formation. These large fleets of aircraft became so well known that even today a large formation is sometimes called a "Balbo".

The aircraft went on to serve the Italian Air Force and the Luftwaffe as a long-range bomber and patrol aircraft, but by World War II, the last 13 S.55s were no longer serviceable and were kept in reserve.

Surviving Aircraft

The last remaining example is preserved in Brazil, at the TAM "Asas de um sonho" museum, at Sxo Carlos, Sxo Paulo. The aircraft, registered I-BAUQ, was the S.55 used by Cmdr. Joxo Ribeiro de Barros in his crossing of the South Atlantic in 1927.

Variants

S.55
Prototypes and early production delivered 1927 to 1930, 88 built plus two prototypes.
S.55C
Civil variant delivered 1925 to 1926, eight built.

Airplane Picture - SIAI S.55X

Picture - SIAI S.55X

S.55P
Improved civil variant with enlarged hull for 10 passengers and enclosed cockpits delivered from 1928 to 1932, 23 built.
S.55A
Military variant delivered with 418 kW (560 hp) Fiat A.22R engines, 16 built.
S.55M
Variant with some wood structures replaced by metal, seven built by Piaggio in 1930.
S.55 Scafo Allargato
Enlarged hull, based on the S.55A but fitted with a wider and deeper hull and enclosed cockpits, 16 built by Savoia-Marchetti and 16 built by CANT.
S.55 Scafo Allargatissimo
Very enlarged hull, variant with further modified hulls, 20 built by Savoia-Marchetti, 16 built by Macchi and six built by CANT.
S.55X
Variant fitted with Isotta-Fraschini Asso 750 engines for North Atlantic formation flights, later armed and used as a reconnaissance-bomber.

Operators

Civil operators

Aeroflot

Military operators

Airplane Picture - S.55 Stamp

Picture - S.55 Stamp

Italy
Brazil (8 airplanes)
Spain (1937)
Romania (7 airplanes 1933-1943, all lost)

Specifications (S.55X)

General characteristics

Crew: 5-6
Length: 16.75 m (55 ft 0 in)
Wingspan: 24.00 m (74 ft 9 in)
Height: 5.00 m (16 ft 5 in)
Wing area: 93.0 m (1,001 ft)
Empty: 5,750 kg (12,677 lb)
Loaded: kg ( lb)
Maximum takeoff: 8,260 kg (18,210 lb)
Powerplant: 2x Isotta-Fraschini Asso 750V, 656 kW (880 hp) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 279 km/h (173 mph)
Range: 3,500 km (2,175 miles)
Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,405 ft)
Rate of climb: m/min ( ft/min)
Wing loading: kg/m ( lb/ft)
Power/Mass: kW/kg ( hp/lb)

Armament

4 x 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns
1 x torpedo or
2,000 kg (4,409 lb) of bombs

Bibliography

Yenne, Bill. Seaplanes & Flying Boats: A Timeless Collection from Aviation's Golden Age. New York: BCL Press, 2003. ISBN 1-932302-03-4.

Savoia-Marchetti S.55 Pictures

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Source: WikiPedia

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