Scottish Aviation Pioneer Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

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Scottish Aviation Pioneer

Scottish Aviation Pioneer Aircraft Information

Scottish Aviation Pioneer

Scottish Aviation Pioneer

Role: Utility transport
Manufacturer: Scottish Aviation
First flight: 5 November 1947
Introduced: 1950
Retired: 1969 (RAF)
Primary users: Royal Air Force Malaysia Ceylon
Number built: 59
Variants: Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer

The Scottish Aviation Pioneer was a STOL aircraft manufactured by Scottish Aviation in Scotland. It was used for casualty evacuation and communications and could accommodate a pilot and up to five passengers.

Design and development

The Pioneer was planned to meet the requirements of Air Ministry Specification A.4/45 for a light communication aircraft. The three-seat prototype A4/45, powered by a 240 hp de Havilland Gipsy Queen was a three-seat high-winged cabin monoplane. Four prototypes were ordered, under the name "Scottish Aviation Prestwick Pioneer" (Serials VL515, VL516, VL517, and VL518). In the event, only the first two were completed. The prototype aircraft (VL515) first flew in 1947.

The use of the Gipsy Queen engine resulted in disappointing performance, and so the A.4/45 was not ordered by the RAF. Scottish Aviation decided instead to produce a civil version. This was achieved by fitting the two prototypes (VL515 and VL516) with new, more powerful engines as the "Pioneer II"

The prototype Pioneer II was the former prototype Pioneer I, (VL515) which was civil registered as G-AKBF. Powered by a 520 hp Alvis Leonides engine, and first flew on 5 May 1950. The second prototype Pioneer I (VL516) was similarly converted, and civil registered as G-ANAZ. . The Pioneer II demonstrated excellent STOL performance, and was ordered by the RAF as the Pioneer CC.1.

The first Pioneer CC.1 to be delivered to the RAF was serialled XE512, which was delivered on 11 August 1953. Ironically, XE512 was essentially the prototype Prestwick Pioneer I from 1947, re-engined with the Alvis Leonides engine, and refurbished for RAF use. (Thus, VL515 became G-AKBZ, and then returned to a military serial as XE512). The next three aircraft delivered (constructors numbers 102, 103 and 104) were likewise the second prototype VL516/G-ANAZ plus the partly completed third and fourth prototypes VL517 and VL518). As XE513, XE514 and XE515 they were delivered on 15 August 1953, 3 September 1953 and 10 February 1954 respectively. Two of these first batch of four are illustrated on this page.

Operational history

The RAF used the Pioneer extensively for tasks such as casualty evacuation in the Malayan Emergency, Aden and Cyprus. With its unusually large slats and flaps, it was able to operate out of very short, unprepared strips and could take off in as little as 225 ft. The Pioneer remained operational in small numbers until 1969 . Pioneers were also used by the Royal Ceylon Air Force and the Royal Malayan Air Force.

The sole surviving Pioneer CC.1 is serial number XL703, the third from last aircraft, which was delivered to the RAF on 18 December 1956, and has been preserved by the RAF Museum since October 1968. It has been displayed by the RAF Museum at Cosford since April 1989 (See http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/cosford/collections/aircraft/aircraft_histories/69-A-186%20Pioneer%20CC1%20XL703.pdf )

Variants

Pioneer : Four-seat STOL transport aircraft, powered by a 240-hp (179-kW) de Havilland Gipsy Queen 32 piston engine.
Pioneer 2 : Five-seat STOL transport aircraft, powered by a 520-hp (388-kW) Alvis Leonides radial piston engine.
Pioneer CC Mk 1 : Five-seat STOL casualty evacuation, communications aircraft for the RAF.

Operators

Airplane Picture - RAF Scottish Aviation Pioneer

Picture - RAF Scottish Aviation Pioneer

Sri Lanka (Ceylon)

Royal Ceylon Air Force - (six aircraft, originally ordered for the RAF as serial numbers XL668 to XL674 inclusive, but diverted whilst under construction to fulfil the Royal Ceylon Air Force order)

Malaysia

Royal Malaysian Air Force - (nine aircraft)

Oman

Royal Air Force of Oman

United Kingdom

Royal Air Force
No. 20 Squadron RAF
No. 78 Squadron RAF
No. 209 Squadron RAF
No. 215 Squadron RAF
No. 230 Squadron RAF
No. 267 Squadron RAF

Specifications (Pioneer CC.1)

Data from Aircraft of the Royal Air Force

General characteristics

Crew: One
Capacity: Four passengers
Length: 34 ft 4 in (10.47 m)
Wingspan: 49 ft 9 in (15.17 m)
Height: 10 ft 3 in (3.13 m)
Wing area: 390 ft (36.3 m)
Empty weight: 3,835 lb (1,743 kg)
Loaded weight: 5,800 lb (2,636 kg)
Powerplant: 1 x Alvis Leonides 502/4 radial engine, 520 hp (388 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 141 knots (162 mph, 261 km/h)
Cruise speed: 105 knots (121 mph, 195 km/h)
Stall speed: 31 knots (36 mph, 58 km/h)
Range: 365 nm (420 mi, 676 km)
Service ceiling: 23,000 ft (7,010 m)
Wing loading: 14.9 lb/ft (72.6 kg/m)
Power/mass: 0.0897 hp/lb (0.147 kW/kg)
Take off run 225 ft (69 m)
Landing run 198 ft (60 m)

Related development

Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer

Comparable aircraft

Helio Courier

Scottish Aviation Pioneer Pictures

More airplane videos.

Source: WikiPedia

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