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Tupolev ANT-10 Aircraft Information

Tupolev ANT-10

ANT-10 / R-7

National origin: Soviet Union
Manufacturer: Tupolev
First flight: 30 January 1930
Number built: 1
Developed from: Tupolev R-3

The Tupolev ANT-10 (also known as the R-7) was a prototype single-engined light-bomber/reconnaissance aircraft of the 1930s. Only a single example was built, the Polikarpov R-5 being preferred.

Development and design

In 1928, the design bureau lead by Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov produced the R-5 to replace the R-1, an unlicensed copy of the Airco DH.9A, which was the Soviet Union's standard light reconnaissance aircraft/bomber. As a response, the design bureau lead by Andrei Tupolev produced a rival replacement for the R-1, based on Tupolev's earlier Tupolev R-3. Like the R-3, the new design, the ANT-10 was a single-engined sesquiplane with duralumin structure, but with a much larger upper wing (based on that of the I-4 fighter). Like the R-5, it was powered by an imported BMW VI engine. It could carry 500 kg (1,100 lb) of bombs in an internal bomb-bay.

The ANT-10 (which received the Soviet Air Force designation R-7) made its first flight on 30 January 1930, but its performance was little better than the R-5, while the R-5's wooden structure was an advantage at a time of metal shortages. The type was therefore abandoned later in the year in favour of the R-5.


Data from Tupolev: The Man and His Aircraft

General characteristics

Crew: 2
Length: 10.9 m (35 ft 9 in)
Wingspan: 15.2 m (49 ft 10 in)
Height: 3.6 m (11 ft 10 in)
Wing area: 49 m (530 sq ft)
Empty weight: 1,720 kg (3,792 lb)
Gross weight: 2,920 kg (6,437 lb)
Powerplant: 1 x BMW VI water-cooled V12 engine, 370 kW (500 hp)


Maximum speed: 235 km/h (146 mph; 127 kn)
Range: 1,100 km (684 mi; 594 nmi)
Endurance: 5 hours
Service ceiling: 5,500 m (18,045 ft)
Time to altitude: 3.1 minutes to 1,000 m (3,280 ft)


Guns: 2x PV-1 machine guns
Bombs: 500 kg (1,100 lb)

Related development

Tupolev R-3

Comparable aircraft

Polikarpov R-5

Duffy, Paul and Andrei Kandalov. Tupolev,: The Man and His Aircraft. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1 85310 728 X.
Gunston, Bill. The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875-1995. London:Osprey, 1995. ISBN 1 85532 405 9.

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Source: WikiPedia

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