UB.109T Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

UB.109T Video - Picture

UB.109T Aircraft Information


UB.109T was a British cruise missile project. It was cancelled on 30 September 1954.

An identified operational requirement led to a request for designs for an unmanned bomb capable of delivering a 5,000 lb (2.27 tonne) conventional warhead over 465 miles (700 km) travelling at 600 mph. The specification for production was for plastic construction. Guidance would be by Decca or LORAN.

Of three designs submitted, two were chosen for development.

Red Rapier from Vickers-Armstrong Ltd Vickers 825 design powered by three Rolls-Royce Soar turbojets.

Blue Rapier the Bristol 182 by Bristol Aeroplane Company, with a single Bristol Siddeley engine.

A proposal by Boulton Paul, the P.123 was not accepted.


By cancellation the Vickers 825 had reached prototype stage. The 825 was a 13 m long missile with a 10 m wingspan made from welded and formed mild steel sections. The fuselage was rolled steel and the wing sheet steel over box spars. The wing served as the fuel tank. The three Soar engines were used, two on the tips of the tailplane, and one on the tip of the fin. The leading edges of the tailplane and fin were swept back sharply, but the wing was straight, and held to the fuselage by bombslips. The warhead, on 5000 lb bomb (or 5 1,000 lb bombs scattered laterally), was held to the front of the fuselage by explosive bolts. In use, the wing was jettisoned at the target, and the warhead detached once the fuselage had stabilised in a dive and the altitude came below the Radar Horizon (20,000 ft at 400 n.m. from its launch position). After initial guidance by flux gate compass and vertical reference, guidance was by the 'TRAMP' sysem of pulses transmitted from two ground Radar Stations, producing target position as the intersection of two range measurements. Guidance accuracy at a 400n.m range target was specified as 100 yards CEP. One-third scale models without engines were built and air launched from a Washington bomber (the Boeing B-29 Superfortress in RAF service) on the Woomera missile range to test the aerodynamics and autopilot operation.

Cruising at Mach 0.83 at 50,000 ft., intercepting Red Rapier required Surface to Air guided weapons. This is in contrast to the wartime V1, which flew at low altitude and could be intercepted by existing fighter aircraft.

Full details of the Red Rapier project are given in "The 'Secret' World of Vickers Guided Weapons" written by John E. Forbat and published in 2006 by Tempus (now The History Press).

Rainbow Codes

UB.109T Pictures

Living Warbirds: The best warbirds DVD series.

Source: WikiPedia

eXTReMe Tracker