Vecihi Hurkus

Vecihi Hurkus - Picture

Vecihi Hurkus Information

Vecihi Hurkus

Died: 16 July 1969
Ankara, Turkey
Occupation: aviator, engineer

Vecihi Hurkus (6 January 1895 - 16 July 1969) was the first civil aviator in Turkey. He also built the first airplane in Turkey.


Without a doubt, Vecihi Hurkus was Turkey's most celebrated aviator. He was the first Turk to:

shoot down an enemy aircraft on the Caucasus front during World War I,
fly a twin-engine aircraft (1917 - Caucasian Front - captured Russian Caudron G.4),
manufacture a propeller from scratch (1918 - Istanbul - Nieuport 17 captured from the Russians),
produce adhesive from gelatin to glue fabric to aircraft wings (Turkish War of Independence),
first to land at 襤zmir Seydikx鈇 Airfield during the Turkish War of Independence, occupying it single-handedly. This was considered to be the final flight of the war,
fly a passenger aircraft (1923 - Edirne - 9 passengers with an abandoned Italian Caproni Ca.5 aka Ca.57 or Breda M-1),
construct a military aircraft from scratch (1924 - Izmir - Vecihi K-VI, first flight - January 28, 1925),
build a speedboat (1930 - Kad覺kx鈇, Istanbul - Vecihi-SK-X),
build a civilian aircraft (1930 - Kad覺kx鈇 - Vecihi K-XIV)
establish a civilian flying school (April 21, 1932 - V.S.T.M. Vecihi Sivil Tayyare Mektebi - Kad覺kx鈇),
construct a seaplane (1933 - Kad覺kx鈇, Vecihi S-XVI),
train the first Turkish aviatrix (1933 - Bedriye Bac覺 (Gx鄂men) Kad覺kx鈇, Istanbul)
construct the country's first gliders (US-4 ve PS-2), while playing a pivotal role in the establishment of Turkish Bird (1935-1936 - Etimesgut - Ankara),
receive a diploma abroad in aircraft engineering (February 27, 1939 - Weimar Engineering School, Germany),
establish a privately-funded aviation publication (1948 - Kanatl覺lar Dergisi)
establish a private airline company in Turkey (November 29, 1954-1960 Yeilkx鈇 - Hurkus Havayollar覺 transported passengers and cargo),
conduct aerial surveys for the Mining Research Institute (1961-1966).

During his flying career, which spanned a period of 52 years (1916-1967), Vecihi Hurkus flew a total of 102 different models of aircraft and spent 30,000 hours, that is, 3.4 years of his life in the cockpit of aircraft.

In 1994, he was honored posthumously with the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) 50th Anniversary Award (1944-1994) for the considerable contributions he made in the field of civil aviation in Turkey.


During the War of Independence, Vecihi married to Hadiye, the daughter of the chief of police in Akehir. Two daughters, Gx郾x幢 (Hurkus arman) and Sevim (Hurkus Maxson), were born from this marriage. In 1925, he divorced Hadiye and married his early time sweetheart 襤hsan. Another daughter, Perran (xlgen-Hurkus), was born in 1927.


The TAI Hurkus turboprop trainer to be built by Turkish Aerospace Industries is named after Vecihi Hurkus.


Vecihi Hurkus, Havalarda, 1915-1925, 襤stanbul, Kanaat Kitabevi, 1942.
Vecihi Hurkus, Bir Tayyarecinin An覺lar覺: Yaant覺, 襤stanbul, YKY, 2000 ISBN 978 9 75 080219 5
Mehmet Gx廝bx慧 Gx廝er, Vecihi Hurkus "Gx鄂lerin Korkusuz Adam覺", 襤stanbul, 2001.
M. Bahattin Adigx慧el, Tx廝k Havaciliinda 襤z Birakanlar, Ankara, 2001.

More airplanes.

Source: WikiPedia

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