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Vickers F.B.11

Vickers F.B.11 Aircraft Information

Vickers F.B.11


Vickers F.B.11

Role: Escort fighter
National origin: United Kingdom
Manufacturer: Vickers Limited
Designed by: R.L Howard-Flanders
First flight: 1916
Number built: 1

The Vickers F.B.11 was a prototype British three-seat escort fighter of the First World War. A large single engined biplane, it carried one gunner in a nacelle mounted on the upper wing to give an all-round field of fire. Only a single example was completed.

Development and design

In early 1916, the British War Office drew up a specification for a multi-seat escort fighter to be powered by one of the new Rolls-Royce Eagle engines, intended to protect formations of bombers from German fighters such as the Fokker E.I, with an additional role of destroying enemy airships. While the specification did not require high speed, a good field of fire for its guns was essential, while the secondary anti-Zeppelin role demanded an endurance of at least seven hours.

Orders were placed for prototypes from Armstrong Whitworth (the F.K.6), Sopwith (the L.R.T.Tr.) and Vickers. All three designs were driven by the need to provide wide fields of fire in the absence of effective synchronisation gear that would allow safe firing of guns through the propeller disc.

The Vickers response, the F.B.11, designed by R.L. Howard-Flanders, was a large, single-bay, biplane of tractor layout. Pilot and one gunner sat in separate but closely spaced cockpits under the trailing edge of the upper wing, while a second gunner sat in a nacelle, or "fighting top", attached to, and extending forward of the upper wing. The Eagle engine was mounted in a clean cowling, with the radiator fitted behind the engine in the fuselage.

Two prototypes were ordered, with the first flying in September-October 1916, being tested at RNAS Eastchurch in November that year. It proved to have poor lateral control and performance, and was destroyed in a crash. The second prototype was not completed, and as effective synchronising gears were now available (including Vickers own Vickers-Challenger gear), none of the escort fighters were developed further.


Data from War Planes of the First World War:Volume Three Fighters

General characteristics

Crew: 3 (pilot and two gunners)
Length: 43 ft 0 in (13.11 m)
Wingspan: 51 ft 0 in (15.55 m)
Height: 13 ft 8 in (4.17 m)
Wing area: 845 sq ft (78.5 m)
Empty weight: 3,340 lb (1,518 kg)
Loaded weight: 4,934 lb (2,243 kg)
Powerplant: 1x Rolls-Royce Eagle III water-cooled V-12, 250 hp (187 kW)


Maximum speed: 96 mph (83 knots, 155 km/h) at 5,000 ft (1,520 m)
Service ceiling: 11,000 ft (3,350 m)
Endurance: 7 hours
Climb to 5,000 ft (1,520 m): 16 min 30 s
Climb to 10,000 ft (3,050 m) 55 min


Guns: 1x .303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis gun in nacelle, 1x Lewis gun in rear gunners cockpit

Armstrong Whitworth F.K.6
Sopwith L.R.T.Tr.

Andrews, C.F. and Morgan, E.B. Vickers Aircraft since 1908. London:Putnam, 1988. ISBN 0 85177 815 1.
Bruce, J.M. British Aeroplanes 1914-18. London:Putnam, 1957.
Bruce, J.M. War Planes of the First World War: Volume Three Fighters. London:Macdonald, 1969. ISBN 0 356 01490 8.
Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. The Complete Book of Fighters. New York:Smithmark, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.
Lewis, Peter. The British Fighter since 1912. London:Putnam, Fourth edition, 1979. ISBN 0 370 10049 2.
Mason, Francis K. The British Fighter since 1912. Annapolis, Maryland, USA:Naval Institute Press, 1992. ISBN 1-55750-082-7

Vickers F.B.11 Pictures

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Source: WikiPedia

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