Yakovlev UT-2 Airplane Videos and Airplane Pictures

Yakovlev UT-2 Video - Wings of Russia - Training and Sports Aircraft - A Road into the Sky

Yakovlev UT-2 Video - Wings of Russia - Training and Sports Aircraft - A Road into the Sky

Yakovlev UT-2 Aircraft Information

Yakovlev UT-2


Yakovlev UT-2

Role: Trainer/Fighter-trainer
National origin: USSR
Manufacturer: Yakovlev
Designed by: Aleksandr Sergeyevich Yakovlev
First flight: 1937
Number built: 7,243
Developed from: AIR-10, Ya-20

The Yakovlev UT-2 (Russian: УТ-2, NATO reporting name "Mink") was a trainer aircraft used by the Soviet Air Force from 1937 until the 1950s. It was the standard Soviet trainer during World War II.


The UT-2 was designed as a trainer, more suitable for training pilots of modern and fast aircraft than the older U-2 (Po-2) biplane. The new plane was designed by Yakovlev's team at OKB-115. The next design, AIR-10, was based upon the AIR-9, but it was simpler, with two separate open cockpits, and lacking slats and flaps. It was flown on 11 July 1935. The AIR-10 won the competition with other trainer designs in 1935 and, after changes, was accepted as the standard Soviet Air Force trainer. A temporary designation for this plane became Ya-20 (Я-20). This is just because of the original AIR was the abbreviated name of Alexey Ivanovich Rykov, a communist leader executed in 1938; Yakovlev changed names of his aircraft to the politically safe Ya. The mixed construction (wood and metal) of the AIR-10 was changed to wooden only, to simplify production. A prototype used the 112 kW (150 hp) Shvetsov M-11E radial, but production aircraft used 82 kW (110 hp) M-11Gs. Serial production started in September 1937. The plane was given the designation UT-2 (uchebno-trenirovochnyi {учебно-тренировочный}, primary/advanced trainer).

The UT-2 was used also by civilian aviation. However, it soon demonstrated it was not easy to fly, with a tendency to spin. After some changes to its construction, the plane became safer and was fitted with a 93 kW (125 hp) M-11D, as the UT-2 model 1940.

To improve handling and stability, a new UT-2M (modernized) variant was developed in 1941 and put into production. The shape of wings was totally new, with a swept leading edge instead of a straight one (the wing's trailing edge was now straight), and the tailfin was larger.

In total, 7,243 UT-2 and -2Ms were produced in five factories between 1937 and 1946. Despite all improvements, the handling and flight characteristics of the UT-2 were never excellent. In the 1950s they were replaced with the Yak-18 as a primary trainer and the Yak-11 as an advanced trainer. After the war, the UT-2 and -2M were also used by countries like Poland and Hungary.


Airplane Picture - Yakovlev UT-2

Picture - Yakovlev UT-2

AIR-10 UT-2 pre-cursor.
Ya-20 UT-2 prototype.
UT-2 (initial production)- too prone to spin.
UT-2 (1940 standard) - modified to improve spin characteristics.
SEN (UT-2N) - Air cushion landing gear tests.
UT-2M - Production from 1941, re-designed wings.
UT-2V - Bombing Trainer
Yak-5 - Single-seat fighter trainer development of UT-2
UT-2MV - Light Bomber



Normandie-Niemen unit


Hungarian Air Force


Air Force of the Polish Army


Mongolian People's Air Force

Soviet Union

Soviet Air Force


SFR Yugoslav Air Force
1st Training Aviation Regiment (1945-1948)
104th Training Aviation Regiment (1948-1956)
Liaison Squadron of 5th Military Area (1952-1956)
Liaison Squadron of 3rd Aviation Corps (1950-1956)

Specifications (UT-2, 1940 standard)

Data from Gordon 2005, and Gunston 1995

General characteristics

Crew: 2
Length: 7.15 m (23 ft 5-1/2 in)
Wingspan: 10.2 m (33 ft 5-1/2 in)
Height: 2.99 m (9 ft 10 (tail up) in)
Wing area: 17.12 m (184.3 ft)
Empty weight: 628 kg (1,385 lb)
Gross weight: 940 kg (2,073 lb)
Powerplant: 1 x Shvetsov M-11D, 93.2 kW (125 hp)


Maximum speed: 210 km/h (131 mph)
Cruising speed: 99 km/h (60 mph)
Range: 1,130 km (702 miles)
Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,400 ft)
Rate of climb: 3.3 m/s (649 ft/min)


2 or 4 x 50 kg (110 lb) bombs (UT-2MV Light Bomber).
2 x 50 kg (110 lb) bombs + 8 x RS-82 rockets (UT-2MV Light Bomber).

Comparable aircraft

Fairchild PT-19
de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk

Gordon, Yefim. (1989). OKB Yakovlev. London: Ian Allan. pp. 36 to 45.
Gunston, Bill (1995). The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875-1995. London: Osprey.

Living Warbirds: The best warbirds DVD series.

Source: WikiPedia

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