Paolo Thaon di Revel - History of World War I - WW1 - The Great War

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Paolo Thaon di Revel

Paolo Emilio Thaon di Revel, 1st Duca del Mare (June 10, 1859 - March 24, 1948) was an Italian admiral of the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) during World War I and later a politician.

Thaon di Revel was born in Turin from a family of the Savoyard and Nix§ard nobility of Scottish descent, a minor son of Marquess and Count Ottavio Thaon di Revel.

He took part as Rear-admiral in the Italo-Turkish War, commanding Italian cruisers in the Battle of Beirut. He twice served as Naval Chief of Staff during World War I and was reluctant to risk the Italian battlefleet in anything other than a major surface action. He favoured the action of smaller vessels, as the MAS which sunk the Austrian battleship Szent Istvxˇn. After the Italian rout at Caporetto he secured the coastal area. In the late days of the war he led the bombardment of Durazzo and the quick occupation of the coasts of Istria and Dalmatia.

After the war he was promoted to Grand Admiral (November 4, 1924). He was ennobled by King Victor Emmanuel III and given the victory title of 1st Duca del Mare ("Duke of the Sea").

In 1917 he was named to the Italian Senate. In the October 1922 he was Minister of the Navy and chief advisor of King Victor Emmanuel III. He was President of the Italian Senate from 1943 to 1944 after the fall of fascist regime.

Thaon di Revel died in Rome in 1948. He was buried in the church of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, next to general Armando Diaz.

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Source: WikiPedia

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